Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American professor of psychology at Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School for Social Research and Columbia University who founded humanistic psychology and created the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. (Wikipedia, 2011).
Between 1937 and 1943 Maslow published a series of papers on dominant behaviour in the Journal of Social Psychology and the Psychological Review. His research on dominance lead to his Theory of Needs and “was the foundation of self-actualisation theory” (Cullen, 1997). It is on these earlier papers on domination that I have based my research on his perception of gender.
This research however is also about the culture and society in which Maslow lived, since “no social scientist can completely free himself from the prison of his own culture; he can only interpret what he observes in the scientific framework of his own time” (Friedan, 1963). I hope this explains the large section in this project dedicated to the 1940’s US society and timeline.